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Varroa destructor on a larva

The varroa mite, Varroa destructor is one of the most common varroa mites in the world.

Appearance[]

Varroa destructor is small and oval shaped, with a tannish red color. They have eight legs and range from 1-1.8 mm long and 1.5-2 mm wide.

Life cycle[]

V. destructor lays its eggs in bee's brood cells, where, once the eggs hatch, the young will feed off of the larvae of their hosts.

Feeding habits[]

Like the species' young, Varroa destructor also feeds off of bee larvae and even cling onto the bees themselves to parasitize the bees of their nutrients. Common bees they parasitize are Apis cerana and Apis mellifera

Geography[]

Varroa destructor was found in several places and was introduced to many places as of 2007. They have practically been found worldwide.

1960's[]

During the 60's, Varroa destructor was introduced to Japan and USSR.

1960's-1970's[]

This mite was taken to Eastern Europe

1971[]

In 1971, Varroa destructor was introduced to Brazil.

Late 70's[]

During the late 70's V. destructor was introduced to most of South America.

1982[]

France imported several of this species in 1982.

1984[]

In 1984, Varroa destructor was found in Italy, Spain, and Switzerland.

1987[]

In 1987, this mite was finally found in the US and Portugal.

1989[]

Varroa destructor finally hits Canada.

1992[]

UK imports several of these mites.

21st Century[]

Ever since the start of 2000, V. destructor was found in New Zealand and Hawaii.


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